Sweet Fennel benefits and it’s Uses

fennel infograph

Fennel :

The botanical name of fennel is Foeniculum Vulgare which grows one to two meters high from the ground and is a perpetual herb. Fennel is native to Mediterranean countries but now cultivated all over the world. There are two types of fennel one is sweet fennel and the other is bitter fennel. This article is about the properties and benefits of sweet fennel.

Chemical Composition of Fennel:

Estragole, fenchone, α-pinene anethole, β-pinene, α-Terpineol, α-phellandrene, myrcene,    β-phellandrene, para-Cymol, and campfer are the main chemical compounds found in Fennel.

Fennel Essential Oil:

Fennel essential oil is extracted from the seeds of fennel through steam distillation and is highly concentrated and volatile. Fennel essential oil like other essential oil should always be diluted with a carrier oil (olive oil or coconut oil) before topical use.

Properties and benefits of Sweet Fennel:

Fennel is carminative: 

Chewing Fennel seeds after a meal has been a common practice from centuries for improving digestion in Chinese and Indian cultures. Recent studies have shown that Fennel is useful for eliminating intestinal gases and prevent the digestive system from the formation of additional gases. Fennel is helpful in relieving constipation, stomach pain, abdominal pain and also reduces hypertension.

Fennel is appetite suppressor:

It is believed that Fennel seeds are being used by people in the middle ages as an appetite suppressant during fasting days  and by soldiers during battles. Due to this property Fennel is useful in weight loss and Greeks were the first to recognize this as a slimming agent.

Fennel is detoxifier:

Fennel is useful in eliminating body toxin, inert fluids and fats. It helps in boosting blood circulation resulting in eliminating excess water and minimizing cellulite (a type of fat causing dimpling of skin). Fennel assists the body in the expulsion of body toxins through urine and is effective for arthritis and gout relief.

Fennel is Antiseptic:

Fennel is useful in treating the infections formed in different parts of the body, it is specially used for curing respiratory system infections, healing cuts and wounds. It prevents the formation of septic in wounds and also prevents tetanus. It is observed that the use of fennel pacify toothache, earache and is also protective against urinary tract infection.

Fennel is Antispasmodic:

Spasm is a sudden involuntary contraction or convulsive movement in muscles, respiratory tract, intestines or nervous system. The use of Fennel eases the respiratory system, muscles and nerves resulting in the prevention of spasms.

Fennel is Diuretic:

The amassment of water or excess water in the body causes body swelling and the use of fennel eliminates the accumulation of water from the body by increasing the frequency of urination. Fennel is propitious for the extirpation of uric acid and other toxins from the body and also restrains the formation of uric acid crystals and toxins in the body. With the diuretic property of fennel it also cleanses kidneys, lowers the body blood pressure and lowers the body fats.

Fennel is Vermifuge:

Fennel is beneficial in getting rid of parasitic worms found in the intestines and excretory tracts thus preventing bulimia and runtish growth.

Fennel is Emmenagogue:

Due to the anti-spasmodic property of fennel it is effective against menstrual cramps and other complexities with irregular menstrual cycles. Fennel is helpful in regulating menstrual cycles and relieving from other symptoms caused by fitful mensis.

Fennel is laxative:

Fennel improves the function of digestive system and is helpful for easing constipation with no side effects.

Fennel is Stomach Protector:

Being a stomach protector fennel assists the stomach in maintaining the normal function of stomach and the secretion of all the stomach acids and bile. It also prevents the formation of stomach ulcers and infections thus assuring the healthy stomach.

Fennel is Expectorant:

Fennel is best used in curing cold, flu and respiratory viral infections. It prevents the formation of mucus and phlegm which otherwise cause congestion in the respiratory tract. It is also used for treating persistent cough.

Other properties of fennel are it lowers stoutness, cure insects bites, remove skin wrinkles, treating cellulite and it is also believed to be used on snake bite.


Pregnant women and the women diagnosed with any type of cancer should avoid excess usage of Fennel, because of Trans Anethole (found in fennel) boosts the production of estrogen hormone. The excess of estrogen hormone is responsible for some types of cancer in women. The excess usage of fennel can also have stupefactive effects resulting in mental imbalance and paroxysm.

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Friendly Note:

This article is for information purpose and all the content of this article is based on study and research, Although the use of fennel has no side effects except a few conditions and is widely used in almost every kitchen, as we are not aware of your medical conditions always consult a medical practitioner prior to using fennel.

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