Banana Health benefits and Nutrition Facts

 

nutrition facts of banana

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Musa is the scientific name of banana, the seedless edible bananas almost comes from the two wild species namely  Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana and belongs to the family musaceae. Plantians also belongs to musaceae family and these are mostly used in cooking, plantians are less sweet and more starchy with thicker skin. Banana plants grow from 10 to 25 feet high and often mistaken for trees, while banana plant stem is not woody. In some regions banana stem and leaves are also used in cooking.

Origin:

It is believed that bananas originated from the Southeast Asia, but at present bananas are cultivated in more than 100 countries and are grown in warmer places of the world.

Nutrition Facts for 100 gram of raw bananas:

There are approximately 89 calories in a medium sized banana (100 g in weight), which comes mostly from the carbohydrates present in banana.

Water 73 to 75%,
Carbohydrates 22.6 to 22.8 g,
Sugar 12 to 12.2 g,
Protein 1.1 g,
Fiber 2.6 g,
Fat 0.3 g.

Minerals :

Potassium 358 mg,
Magnesium 27 mg,
Phosphorus 22mg,
Calcium 5 mg,
Sodium 1 mg,
Manganese 0.27 mg,
Iron 0.26 mg,
Zinc 0.15 mg,
Copper 0.08 mg,
Selenium 1µg.

Vitamins:

Choline 9.8 mg,
Vitamin C 8.7 mg,
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 0.67 mg,
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.37 mg,
Vitamin B5 0.33 mg,
Vitamin E 0.1 mg,
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.07 mg,
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) 0.03 mg,
Folate 20 µg,
Vitamin K 0.5 µg.

Amino Acids:

Histidine 77mg,
Leucine 68mg,
Lysine 50mg,
Arginine 49mg,
Alanine 40mg,
Threonine 28mg,
Isoleucine 28mg,
Tyrosine 9mg,
Cysteine 9mg,
Valine 47mg,
Trytophan 9mg.

Fats:

Saturated fatty acids 0.11 g,
Monounsaturated fatty acids 0.03 g,
Polyunsaturated fatty acids 0.07g,
Sterols (phytosterols) 16 mg.

Other Plant Compounds and Antioxidants banana contain:

beta-carotene,
lutein,
selenium,
Dopamine,
Catechin.

Health Benefits of Banana:

Heart Health and Blood Pressure:

Banana is a rich source of potassium which helps controlling heart rate and also normalize blood pressure by retaliating the harmful effects of sodium. Flavonoids a type of antioxidant found is banana, responsible for lowering the risk of heart disease.

Nerve Inflammation and Anemia:

Approximately 28% of Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) of the everyday consumption allowance is found in banana which play a good role in curing of neuritis (a condition which causes nerve inflammation with pain) an anemia.

Digestive System problems:

It is known that banana contains a good amount of dietary fiber, especially when banana is not fully ripe. Unripe banana is a great source of resistant starch and pectin (types of dietary fiber) which in the body improve the digestive system, help smoothing the bowl movement and lowering constipation problems.

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